Diabetes mellitus has been recognized as a destructive and deadly disease in the last 2000 years. Eugene J. Leopold in the text explaining the diagnosis Cappodacian Aretaeus Aretaeus. “… For liquids do not stay in the body, but the body only as a channel through which you can drain from life only lasts for a while, but not too long. As you urinate with pain and pain is a thin without a substantial portion of the beverage is absorbed by the body, while the large mass of meat that has melted in the urine. ”
Doctors in ancient times, such as Aretaeus, recognized the symptoms of diabetes mellitus, but nothing to treat. In the seventeenth century, a doctor in London, Dr. Thomas Willis, determined whether the patient was suffering from diabetes mellitus or not with their urine samples. If the urine has a sweetness, it had to diagnose it with diabetes mellitus “as well as Honey”. Blood glucose monitoring methods for the most part unchanged until the twentieth century.
The discovery of insulin
Later in the year 1921 really something magical happened in Ontario, Canada. A young surgeon Frederick Banting, and his assistant Charles at best, he has to live a test in diabetes mellitus dogs, as long as 70 days by injecting pancreatic extracts disease dog brew. With the help of Dr. Collip and Dr. MacLeod, Banting and best to get insulin extracts for Leonard Thompson more subtle, a young boy died of diabetes mellitus. Within 24 hours, the high blood sugar Leonard went to normal level soon. Until the discovery of insulin, most children diagnosed with diabetes mellitus is estimated to live on less than a year. Within 24 hours, the lives that were saved. The news of the extract, the insulin, the miracle spread like wildfire around the world.
Since the discovery of insulin, medical breakthroughs continue to prolong and alleviate the lives of people with diabetes mellitus. In the year 1935, Roger Hinsworth found that there are two types of diabetes mellitus: Insulin “sensitive” (Type I) and “insulin insensitive” (Type II). By distinguishing between the two types of diabetes mellitus, Hinsworth has helped pave the way for a new treatment.
Starting at the end of the 1930, a new type of pork and beef insulin is created to manage diabetes mellitus. PZI insulin, a longer action, created in 1936. In 1938, insulin-NPH is marketed, and in 1952 Lent, the high prongs that contain a longer duration of the action to promote was created.
1950, the oral Sulfonilurea drug was developed for type II patients. This drug stimulates the pancreas to produce more insulin, helping people with diabetes mellitus type II to keep control of their blood glucose level closer.
The future of diabetes mellitus?
3000 years have passed since Aretaeus diabetes mellitus as a “mysterious disease”. This was a long process and a difficult invention, as a generation of physicians and scientists have added their collective knowledge to find a cure. There is a wealth of knowledge about the discovery of insulin appearing in a small laboratory in Canada. Since insulin saves lives a young Leonard Thompson 75 years ago, the medical innovation continues to make life easier for people with diabetes mellitus.
Perhaps researchers of diabetes mellitus should consider the warning of the humble Hippocrates for future physicians, written in the Corpus Hippocratic in the first century B.C., as quoted in Hans Shadewaldt, the history of Diabetes mellitus: “Live It short, the art is long, the right time quickly the past, the deceptive experience, the difficult judgement! “