Eczema On Baby’s Scalp – Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory, scaly skin disorder. It occurs in sebaceous gland regions, especially on the head. The disease is treated with drugs such as antimycotics and corticosteroids. Read here everything important about cause, symptoms and diagnosis of skin disease and how a Seborrheic dermatitis is treated!
Seborrheic Eczema Description
Seborrheic dermatitis is a yellow-scaly, red skin rash (eczema) in the area of ??the sebaceous glands (seborrhoisch). Tallow is a mixture of fats and proteins, which protects the skin from drying out. The sebaceous glands are mainly located in the anterior (thoracic) and posterior (back) sweat chords, on the face and on the hairy head – the preferred places of origin for a Seborrhoic eczema. Scalp is also the site that is most frequently affected by the skin disease in infants – hence the second name “head gneiss”.
Three to five per cent of people develop seborrhoic eczema every year. If one takes into account mild, non-treatment cases, however, this figure is probably much higher. Males between the thirtieth and fortieth year are most frequently and severely affected. Seborrhoic eczema is often associated with HIV infection (especially in the AIDS stage) and Parkinson’s disease.
The form occurring in infants during the first weeks of life (until at least the second year of life) is less frequent than seborrheic eczema in adults.
Any Eczema On Baby’s Scalp?
Seborrhoic Eczema Symptoms
Seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by the clear reddening of the skin on which yellowish scales are located. Depending on the severity of the disease, however, the symptoms are very variable: in some patients there is only an increased skin friction, others suffer from a massive inflammation of the skin. The infestation may additionally be locally limited or also spread over several skin regions. The scales often feel greasy. As a rule, Seborrheic eczema causes no pain and rarely itching.
The most frequent occurrence is seborrhoeic eczema. In addition, the face as well as the front and rear welding trough are typical localizations. In addition, inflammation of the eyelids (blepharitis) may occur.
The skin areas damaged by Seborrheic dermatitis can become infected with bacteria and fungi. Scratch marks due to a stronger itching damage the skin additionally.
In rare cases, a Seborrheic dermatitis can result in hair loss. Usually such a hair loss is associated with the eczema but not caused by it.
Seborrheic Eczema: Different forms
There are different forms of Seborrheic eczema:
Seborrhoeic eczematide is a mild form with plaques resembling a precursor. Septum secretion (seborrhoea) and sweat production are particularly pronounced. In part, the local scaling is the only sign of the disease. The skin can also lose some of its pigmentation (hypopogmentation).
In contrast, the hereditary Seborrheic eczema is characterized by a very pronounced symptoms and is often chronic and recurrent. The “herd” of seborrheic dermatitis are markedly reddish, irregular, and yellowish scales.
A so-called intertriginous localization is led by some experts as a sub-form of seborrhoeic eczema. As intertriginous, there are places on the body where opposing skin surfaces can directly touch or touch. These are for example the armpits, the area under the female breast, navel, groin and anus. In these cases, there is a great risk of infection. However, a seborrhoic eczema can also be confused with a pure pilin infection (usually Candida) at these sites.
The disseminated Seborrheic dermatitis, which is subacute to acute, is particularly difficult. It occurs either without a recognizable cause on or after irritation of existing flocks. These are often symmetrically distributed, large-area, confluent, scaly and possibly also characterized by larger soaking and crusting skin defects (erosions). In pronounced cases, the whole body is reddened (erythrodermia).
Rarely occurs the pityriasiform seborrheic eczema, usually on the trunk. This form is called pityriasiform, since the skin rash of the pikeriasis rosea (Pityriasis rosea) is very similar. The herds are round-oval and confluent. Typically, the scaling is centralized. In contrast to rosemary, there is no larger hearth that occurs first (the so-called primary medallion).
Seborrhoic eczema in infants
With the baby, a Seborrhoic eczema is in most cases on the head. The so-called “head gneiss” is characterized by thick yellow-greasy scales. In many cases the disease begins at the apex, near the eyebrows, on the cheek or nose. From there, a seborrheic dermatitis can spread to the whole scalp and face. The hair appears greasy and streaky. In severe cases, the scaling may be severe.
As with adult patients, Seborrhoic eczema is usually not disturbing for the affected infant, in contrast to so-called atopic eczema. The “head gneiss baby” seems satisfied. It eats and usually sleeps normally. Sometimes a seborrheic dermatitis spreads to the diaper area, the groin area, the navel, the armpits or more often the chest. Infestation in different places is also possible. A spread of pathogens, in particular fungi, leads to a reddening of the skin and altered scaling in the margins. Disseminated forms of seborrheic dermatitis are rare.